Medicaid Insurance, Disability, & Eligibility: A Breakdown of Medicaid Expansion By State
California's low-income residents are most likely to benefit from Medicaid expansion, but states like Texas, Virginia and Wyoming don't allow qualified immigrants to receive Medicaid.
"A 50-State Look at Medicaid Expansion," a new infographic published by Families USA, shows the basic facts about where individual states stand on Medicaid expansion.
Federal government and Medicaid expansion covered 100 percent of the cost of Medicaid expansion in 2014, 2015 and 2016; however, they will only cover 90 percent of the cost of Medicaid expansion from 2020 and beyond.
Today, there are 30 states expanding Medicaid to date. Some of those states include New York, Vermont, California, Colorado, Kentucky, Arkansas and Illinois. However, Texas, Kansas, Missouri, Louisiana, Alabama and 13 other states have not yet expanded Medicaid. Alaska and Utah have not yet made a decision on Medicaid expansion.
Expansion will most benefit the residents of California, with 2.113 million individuals likely to access to the health care program. California's access probability far exceeds any other state that's expanding Medicaid. In fact, New York (631,000), Illinois (572,000) and Michigan (443,000) lead after California, but their numbers don't come nearly as close. Florida (1,253,000) and Texas (1,186,000) residents are most likely to be disadvantaged as those states haven't yet expanded Medicaid and its residents are likely to remain uninsured. Wyoming (19,000) and Maine (38,000) have the least amount of residents who won't gain access to Medicaid. Also, Alaska (29,000) and Utah (116,000) boost a moderate number of residents who won't gain access to Medicaid and are likely to remain uninsured. In Alaska, Gov. Bill Walker is working with lawmakers to try to pass a Medicaid expansion bill. Also, in Utah, Gov. Gary Herbert and the Utah Legislature are attempting to reach an agreement on expansion by late summer.
Estimating the number of state residents benefiting from Medicaid expansion was calculated by using the Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) database. Families USA also sorted sample data to capture household income, identifying the populations that could benefit from the Medicaid expansion in a given state. However, the analysis did not take citizenship status or immigration history into consideration.
In 43 states and the District of Colombia, qualified documented immigrants can receive Medicaid after five years of residency. However, Alabama, Mississippi, North Dakota, Ohio, Texas, Virginia and Wyoming actively exclude qualified immigrants from receiving Medicaid. They were also excluded from the report results.
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