Female Immigrants and Latinos, among the Hardest Hit Amid the Pandemic’s Massive Job Displacement in America
Even as the COVID-19-Induced loss of over 40 million jobs from the middle of March until late last month has faced a disturbing blow across the United States, its impacts have been the most noticeable on several demographic groups.
Groups who experience the highest joblessness rates are the immigrant women and Latino workers who, regardless of their birthplace-whether in or outside the US, have below high school degree for education attainment or aged below 25.
Essentially, new Migration Policy Institute data analysis of unemployment according to age, gender, race or ethnicity, nativity, and sector of employment find that Latina immigrants had the highest unemployment rate of all the ethnic and racial groups in April at 22 percent.
From the said percentage, only, based on the analysis, 38 percent of the Latina immigrants at working-age were hired in April when the rate of unemployment is measured together with the rate for the participation of the labor force.
In general, immigrant women of each major ethnic or racial group except the blacks, had higher unemployment rates compared to men, no matter what their educational attainment is.
Exceptionally High Unemployment Rate
With the unemployment rate in the US almost reaching 15 percent at the final official tally in April, unemployment has been particularly high among the young generation of workers.
Specifically, from this group, 30 percent comprises of foreign-born young workers while 27 percent belong to those born in the US.
Also, news has been uninviting for workers who do not have a degree in high school, and the US-born and immigrant alike, with joblessness that has exceeded 20 percent.
Comparably, 10 percent of immigrants who have a degree in four-year college courses were unemployed, just higher than the eight-percent rate for their peers who are US-born.
As a whole, Latinos got the highest unemployment rate by ethnicity or race in April, at 18 and 19 percent for the US- and foreign-born, respectively, overtaking black, Pacific Islander, Asian American, and white workers.
Contradicting the Present Labor Market Displacements
The fact sheet, "COVID-19 and Unemployment: Assessing the Early Fallout and Immigrants and Other US Workers" contradicts the present displacements of the labor market with "the last recession in 2008-2009."
Then, as of today, immigrants have been among the most affected early on due to their comparably youth and lower formal education degrees. Nevertheless, the MPI assessment has discovered a more vital reason for the present disproportionate effect on migrants: Their consideration in service sectors like hospitality, and trade and leisure.
MPI researchers Julia Gelatt, Randy Capps, and Jeanne Batalova wrote in their analysis that whether the high percentages of unemployment and joblessness gaps by nativity, race, age, gender, and ethnicity carry on in the long run, is quite indefinite.
And, while it took a number of years for unemployment rates to go back to historic averages following the Great Recession, the researchers said, "They did so faster for Latino immigrants than for US-born workforces.
More so, the researchers added in writing that, whether there is a drop in employment rate and immigrants can rapidly reclaim equality with natives will rely on the route of the pandemic, amendments and alterations in local and state-distancing measures, and response and effectiveness of job market on the stimulus policies of the government - all incomprehensible factors to date.
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