The Republican presidential candidates have opposed President Barack Obama’s 2014 immigration executive actions, but what are the financial gains if the deferred action programs were in effect?

Based on the Real Clear Politics average of the top five Republican presidential candidates, Donald Trump leads the GOP pack with 27.5 percent. Retired neurosurgeon Ben Carson averaged second with 19.8 percent, ahead of Sens. Marco Rubio's 12.5 percent and Ted Cruz' s 11.3 percent. Former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush rounded up the top five with 5.5 percent. The five aforementioned Republican candidates oppose Obama's Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA) programs, which would provide nearly 4.9 million undocumented immigrants with temporary, but renewable, three-year stays.

Despite the candidates' opposition, their respective states are subject to economic benefits if DAPA and DACA's expanded program were to be implemented. Currently, Obama's 2014 deferred action programs face legal action from 26 states, led by Cruz's state of Texas.

Texas, however, could gain approximately $38.8 billion in additional GDP in the next 10 years if DAPA and DACA's expanded guidelines were in effect. Within the same timeframe, 4,800 news jobs are projected, annually, while DAPA- and DACA-eligible workers would be able to provide nearly $14.6 billion in earnings increases. Based on data from the Migration Policy Institute and the Center for American Progress, within the Lone Star State's immigrant population, 51 percent would be eligible for either deferred action programs.

In Florida, home to Bush and Rubio, 38 percent of the Sunshine State's immigrant community is eligible for DAPA or DACA's expanded guidelines. By 2025, Florida would encounter a GDP increase of $9.4 billion, which includes almost $5.2 billion from DAPA and DACA workers. The state would also see an average of 1,180 new jobs created per year.

For Carson, who was born in Detroit, Michigan, 43 percent of the state's immigrant population would be eligible for the deferred action programs, and they would provide $991 million in earnings. Taking into account all of Michigan's residents, the state is estimated to gain $1.9 billion in additional GDP during the next 10 years. The job growth, however, is significantly lower at 230 new jobs per year.

In New York, home of The Trump Organization, 329,000 undocumented immigrants are eligible for DACA or DAPA. With the two deferred action programs, New York's GDP would gain $16 billion over the next 10 years if the executive actions were in effect. The Empire State would also see an average of 2,020 jobs created, per year, while immigrants help provide nearly $6.2 billion in earnings.

Florida and Michigan have supported the Texas lawsuit to block Obama's immigration executive actions. The U.S. Department of Justice have called for the Supreme Court to hear the lawsuit. The Supreme Court has not rendered a decision of whether it would hear the case.


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